Paper # 56. Hierarchy of Effort: Reforming Tactics, Operations, and Strategy for Advantage

  • ICSL admin
  • Asia-Pacific, Eurasia, Security, Strategy
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A hierarchy of effort is essential to achieving meaningful advantage in the information environment (IE). The IE’s diverse contexts are multi-domain and all-effects. Three reforms can improve tactics, operations, and strategy against human and AI competitors: Align the ends of desired cause-and-effect relationships Note: the basic strategy process consists of interactive ends (the why—goals), ways…

Paper # 4. Re-imagining Situational Awareness in the Strategic Environment

  • Ron Machoian, Ph.D., Col USAF ret.
  • Strategy, Teaching & Learning
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While preparing a conference talk on situational awareness (SA) in the international environment, I was struck by the higher-order outcomes term implies for those who study its application.