Paper #50. All-Effects Warfare and Narrative Strategy in Ukraine 2014 & 2022

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Authoritarians wage all-effects warfare that democracies don’t regard as “real war.” The problem is that many so-called peacetime operations are information warfare and narrative strategies designed to shape conditions for “real warfare.” Such as inducing local support of a follow-on invasion force (Ukraine, 2014).  Note: “warfare” refers to methods of war, whereas “war” is a…