Gulf of Tonkin, 1964 On 4 August 1964, data-driven decisions in an uncertain operational environment falsely assumed a North Vietnamese
China uses narrative warfare as an integral part of diplomatic, informational, military, economic, and social (DIMES) combined effects to seize
This Note synthesizes three popular approaches to “Center of Gravity” (COG) and presents Concepts of Influence (COI) as a supplement
Winning complex wars requires setting more than military end states. Information-heavy complex problems (ICP’s) in hyper-connected environments can persist for
We need to rearrange our legacy language of coercion theory to compete in the contemporary information environment.
Authoritarians wage all-effects warfare that democracies don’t regard as “real war.” The problem is that many so-called peacetime operations are
All the techniques used in the JMark Services Information Environment Advanced Analysis (IEAA) course apply to supply chain networks. I’ve
This paper is Part I of II that defines and applies information environment concepts to supply chain networks for an
What AI (“I”) Really Need AI really need a more competitive strategy to deal with human threats, especially the innovative
If democracies are to compete with savvy authoritarians, we need to up our game in the artificial intelligence (AI) information
The Authoritarian Threat Democracies do not recognize the all-domain, all-effects warfare that authoritarians wage unless there is direct state-sponsored violence.
Net Assessment The purpose of net assessment is to gain an asymmetric advantage over competitors. US goals generally seek technological
This article completes our series on AI-assisted strategy, but with a stronger emphasis on combined effects. I use the language
ICSL Paper #41 developed “concepts of influence,” a critical component to effective strategy. Concepts of influence are the ways and
Continuing our march through the eight basic combinations of strategy introduced in Paper #39 (The Strategy Cuboid), we focus on